The Carbon Footprint (also known as "Climate Footprint") is an environmental parameter that indicates the production of CO2 deriving from a product, service, process or company and is therefore evaluated to estimate their impact in terms of global warming.
In reality, the measured CO2 is called CO2 equivalent (CO2e) that is, it is the sum of all greenhouse gases emitted (carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, hydrofluorocarbons, etc.) converted into CO2 in order to be overall measurable. For example, one ton of methane corresponds to 25 tons of CO2, so it will be measured as 25 tons of CO2 equivalent.
To determine the Carbon Footprint, factors related to the entire life cycle of a product/service/process are taken into consideration, from the consumption of raw materials and energy through the production phase to the consumer and finally disposal.
In the case of the impact generated by companies and organizations, we look at the carbon management system that they adopt and the measures they implement, through low-carbon technologies, with the aim of reducing emissions.
The CFP label (Product Carbon Footprint Label), which certifies the measurement and quantification of all greenhouse gas emissions, is positively recognized by consumers as an index of sustainability and corporate attention.